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4. ; $22, $11, $10 5. C6. F7. B

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An equation is a mathematical statement that two expressions are equal. A solution of an equation is a value of the variable that makes the equation true. To find solutions, isolate the variable. A variable is isolated when it appears by itself on one side of an equation, and not at all on the other side. Vocabulary

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Inverse Operations OperationInverse Operation AdditionSubtraction Addition Isolate a variable by using inverse operations which "undo" operations on the variable. An equation is like a balanced scale. To keep the balance, perform the same operation on both sides.

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Solve the equation. Check your answer. Example 1A: Solving Equations by Using Addition Since 8 is subtracted from y, add 8 to both sides to undo the subtraction. y – 8 = 24 + 8 + 8 y = 32 Check y – 8 = 24 32 – 8 24 24 To check your solution, substitute 32 for y in the original equation.

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Solve the equation. Check your answer. Example 1B: Solving Equations by Using Addition = z 3 4 To check your solution, substitute for z in the original equation. 3 4 + 7 16 + 7 = z – 7 16 5 Check = z – 7 16 5 3 4 5 7 – 5 5 Since is subtracted from z, add to both sides to undo the subtraction. 7 16 7

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Solve the equation. Check your answer. Check It Out! Example 1a Since 3.2 is subtracted from n, add 3.2 to both sides to undo the subtraction. n – 3.2 = 5.6 + 3.2 + 3.2 n = 8.8 Check n – 3.2 = 5.6 8.8 – 3.2 5.6 5.6 To check your solution, substitute 8.8 for n in the original equation.

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Solve the equation. Check your answer. Check It Out! Example 1b Since 6 is subtracted from k, add 6 to both sides to undo the subtraction. –6 = k – 6 + 6 + 6 0 = k Check –6 = k – 6 –6 0 – 6 –6 To check your solution, substitute 0 for k in the original equation.

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Solve the equation. Check your answer. Check It Out! Example 2a d + = 1 1 1 2 – 1 2 – 1 2 d = 1 2 Since is added to d, subtract from both sides to undo the addition. 1 2 1 2 Check d + = 1 1 2 + 1 1 2 1 2 To check your solution, substitute for d in the original equation. 1 2

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Solve the equation. Check your answer. Check It Out! Example 2b Since 5 is added to k, subtract 5 from both sides to undo the subtraction. –5 = k + 5 – 5 – 5 –10 = k Check –5 = k + 5 –5 –10 + 5 –5 To check your solution, substitute –10 for k in the original equation.

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Remember that subtracting is the same as adding the opposite. When solving equations, you will sometimes find it easier to add an opposite to both sides instead of subtracting.

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Example 3: Solving Equations by Adding the Opposite p = 3 11 + 5 + 5 Solve –+ p = –. 2 11 5 5 Since – is added to p, add to both sides. 5 11 Check + p = – 2 11 5 – 2 5 – – 3 + 2 – 2 – To check your solution, substitute for p in the original equation. 3 11

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Over 20 years, the population of a town decreased by 275 people to a population of 850. Write and solve an equation to find the original population. Example 4: Application Substitute 275 for d and 850 for c. + 275 p =1125 p – d = c original population minus current population decrease in population is p – 275 = 850 Since 275 is subtracted from p, add 275 to both sides to undo the subtraction. p – 275 =850 The original population was 1125 people.

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A person's maximum heart rate is the highest rate, in beats per minute, that the person's heart should reach. One method to estimate maximum heart rate states that your age added to your maximum heart rate is 220. Using this method, write and solve an equation to find a person's age if the person's maximum heart rate is 185 beats per minute. Check It Out! Example 4

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Check It Out! Example 4 Continued a + r = 220 age added to 220 maximum heart rate is Write an equation to represent the relationship. – 185 a = 35 a + 185 = 220 Substitute 185 for r. Since 185 is added to a, subtract 185 from both sides to undo the addition. a + r = 220 A person whose maximum heart rate is 185 beats per minute would be 35 years old.

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WORDS Addition Property of Equality You can add the same number to both sides of an equation, and the statement will still be true. NUMBERS 3 = 3 3 + 2 = 3 + 2 5 = 5 ALGEBRA a = b a + c = b + c Properties of Equality

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WORDS Subtraction Property of Equality You can subtract the same number from both sides of an equation, and the statement will still be true. NUMBERS 7 = 7 7 – 5 = 7 – 5 2 = 2 ALGEBRA a = b a – c = b – c Properties of Equality

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Homework Assignment Pg. 20-22 (22-48 even, 49, 51-57, 64, 68)

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